The Foundation for Chemical Research donates book, ORIGIN OF ELEMENTS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM: Implications of Post-1957 Observations, to public libraries

Manuel, Castleman present book to high school By Amy Wilson Staff Writer Dr. Oliver Manuel wants more people to share his love for science. And the donation of a book and video to the Rolla High School Library may be one step in achieving that goal.

Manuel and Donald Castleman, president of the Foundation for Chemical Research at the University of Missouri-Rolla, presented a copy of the book, "Origin of Elements in the Solar System: Implications of Post-1957 Observations," Tuesday to the high school.

The book was also presented to the Rolla Public Library.

It is edited by Manuel, professor emeritus and former chairman of chemistry at UMR. The Foundation for Chemical Research, Inc., donated the book.

Published in 2000 by Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers of New York, the book contains the proceedings of an international American Chemical Society symposium held Aug. 22-26, 1999 in New Orleans.

Manuel co-chaired the symposium with Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, who shared the 1951 Nobel Prize for his work on transuranium elements and is credited with discovering the elements americium and curium.

Also presented was the video, "Glenn Seaborg's Discovery of Transuranium Elements," by Professor Albert Ghiorso.

"Most of all, I would like students to know the joy of science," Manuel said. "It is fun! If we could convey the joy of finding things out...it is enormous fun."

The book focuses on the origin of the solar system.

"It tries to answer where all this comes from," Manuel said. "For me personally, it represents 40 years of research. It has authors from all over the world."

The book sets the foundation for Manuel's argument that the sun is actually made of iron.

"In the core is a neutron star," he said. "The neutrons are being ejected and decay into hydrogen atoms. Most are destroyed by fusion."

That would explain the presence of hydrogen on the surface of the sun, he said.

"If you look at the surface, it is 90 percent hydrogen and 10% helium. Several years ago I teased the astrophysicists that they needed to eat apples to see that what is on the outside isn't always the same as the inside," he said.

Manuel thinks the solar system was born catastrophically out of a supernova, an idea which goes against the widely-held belief among astrophysicists that the sun and planets were formed 4.5 billion years ago in a relatively ambiguous cloud of interstellar dust.

"This book lays the groundwork for my research," he said.

Rolla High School chemistry teacher Gayle Lucien accepts a book and video donated to the school from (left) Dr. Oliver Manuel, former chairman of chemistry at the University of Missouri-Rolla, and (center) Donald Castleman, president of the Foundation for Chemical Research at UMR. The book and video will be placed in the school library.